Project 60 - "The First Fight Against Fascism" - Archives
November 1, 1941
The 1st Panzer Army opens a major offensive against Rostov. The plan calls for the attack to take the Germans into the Caucasus Mountains.
November 2, 1941
Outside Uzice Yugoslavia, elements of Tito’s partisan
force and Chetnik forces, both anti-Nazi forces, attack one another.
Hitler, now confident of his victory over Russia, shares
with Admiral Canaris his plans to “Germanize” Slav cities and site names.
November 3, 1941
The US Ambassador to Japan, in the first official warning,
informs the Roosevelt administration that Japan “… might resort with
dangerous and dramatic suddenness to measures which might make inevitable war
with the United States…it would be shortsighted for American policy to be
based on the belief that Japanese preparations are no more than saber
The Imperial Japanese Navy high command approves Admiral
Yamamoto’s plan for the attack on the American fleet at Pearl Harbor.
German forces capture
November 4, 1941
Von Manstein’s 11th
Army captures Feodosiya, opening the Crimea for the Germans.
Finnish forces occupy
the Baltic naval base of Hango, a base Finland was forced to lease to the
Soviets as part of the peace accords ending the Winter War in 1940.
November 5, 1941
The US Congress votes
to stay in session indefinitely because of the serious situation with Japan.
November 6, 1941
a speech at the International Labor Organization, Roosevelt discussed his vision
for the post war world, saying, “We
have learned too well that social problems and economic problems are not
separate watertight compartments in the international any more than in the
national sphere. In international as in national affairs, economic policy can no
longer be an end in itself. It is merely a means for achieving social
objectives. There must be no place in the post-war world for special
privilege for either individuals or nations." Editor’s note: Pity our
“leadership” today doesn’t realize this.
The Germans report the first cases
of frostbite on the east front.
The German blockade runner Oderwald (disguised as a US merchant)
is captured by the American cruiser USS Omaha and destroyer USS Somers.
Japanese Southern Army is ordered to prepare detailed operational plans for
offensive action to secure Southeast Asia.
Japanese Navy practice their attack for Pearl Harbor in mock operations at
Kagoshima Bay. They were pleased with the results.
A committee from the US Academy of Sciences recommends the immediate construction of an atomic bomb.
November 7, 1941
In Minsk, about
thirteen thousand Jews were taken into Tuchinki and brutally killed there.
Thousands of bodies were laid out in trenches that had been prepared in advance.
The Jews themselves dug the trenches as part of their forced labor.
After a month of
debate, the US Congress amends the Neutrality act to allow the arming of
Speaking from Red
Square in Moscow, Stalin says, “the Fascist German invaders are facing
disaster”. The Germans are less than 100 miles from where he stands.
November 8, 1941
With the last
reserves of its supplies, 39th Panzer Corp captures Tikhuin (east of
Leningrad). Winter suddenly arrives during the day and overnight temperatures
The Soviet 49th
and 50th Armies launch counter-attacks against Guderian’s forces
north and south of Tula.
At the Kaiser
Corporation shipyard, the hull for the liberty ship Robert E. Peary is
laid. The ship would be launched in just four days, the record for construction
time for one of these vessels.
November 9, 1941
British warships from
Malta (Task Force ‘K’), intercept a heavily armed Italian convoy heading to
Libya. Despite being outnumbered and outgunned, the British press home their
attacks, sinking two Italian destroyers (Fulmine and Libeccio along with all
Army captures Yalta as it clears the bulk of the Crimean Peninsula.
November 10, 1941
that Britain would support America by declaring war on Japan should the U.S. find herself at
war with Japan, Prime Minister Churchill further stated that, “… every
preparation to defend British interests in the Far East and to defend the common
cause now at stake has been and is being made."
November 11, 1941
Soviet 49th and 50th Armies attack the German 43rd
Corp at Tula. Fighting is very heavy.
November 12, 1941
rejects yet another request from the United States to make peace with the Soviet
Winter comes to the Russian Front as no German units anywhere on the east front record a temperature higher than 5F.
November 13, 1941
11th Scots Commandos land a force on the coast of Lybia. Their goal is to
destroy Rommel’s HQ and “get” the Desert Fox. A large part of the force is
unable to land due to horrible weather, but the mission goes forward without
British aircraft carrier HMS
Ark Royal is torpedoed by the German submarine U-81. Unable to control the
flooding, she capsized and sank the next day a few miles off Gibraltar. All but
one of her crew survived the ordeal.
Group South reports that the heavy frost has set in. Winter in Russia has begun.
houses of the US Congress narrowly (the house vote was 212 to 194) repeal the
November 14, 1941
Elements of 11th Army close on Sevastopol, cutting the city off from landward communications. On the other side of the peninsula, Kerch is occupied.
Soviet 49th Army hits the German 12 and 13 Corps in the Tula area. Fighting is
November 15, 1941
temperatures at –20, Army Group Center resumes its offensive around Moscow.
The 3rd Panzer Army hits the Soviet 16th Army and reports gains of only 1-2
special peace envoy from Japan arrives in Washington.
November 16, 1941
German 16 Army launches a new attack south of Leningrad in the Volokolamsk area.
The attack would stall in less than 24 hours due to extremely heavy losses, very
stiff resistance and poor weather.
November 17, 1941
battlegroup from the 11 Scots Commandos attack the Africa Korp headquarters at
Beda Littoria. The daring raid destroys the facility, but Rommel was not
present (he was in Athens at the time).
Minister Togo said relations between Japan and the US could be salvaged so long
as the Americans understand “Japan’s national requirements and her position
in East Asia … There is naturally a limit to our conciliatory attitude.”
Grew warns that the embassy in Japan is not in a position to warn of an
impending Japanese attack and that the government should, “… take into
account the probability of the Japanese exploiting every possible tactical
advantage, such as surprise and initiative."
Chinese leader Ciang Kai-shek urges the western democracies to take action
against Japanese aggression.
attacks by massed T-34s strike the 112 Infantry Division. The Germans break in
panic, losing most of a regiment, the first time this has occurred in World War
November 18, 1941
Geuderian, commits additional 2nd Panzer Army forces to recover ground lost yesterday when his 112th Infantry Division panicked and broke. The new attacks captured Epifan and Dedilovo south of Moscow.
Seven Commonwealth divisions of the newly formed British 8th
Army begin Operation Crusader. The goal of the offensive is to relieve the
garrison at Tobruk and drive the Africa Korp into western Libya. The British 7th
Armored Division “The Desert Rats”, advances 30 miles behind the enemy lines
meeting scattered and light resistance from the Germans.
November 19, 1941
Frustrated by his army's slow advance, General Hopner (3rd Panzer Army) commits the last of his reserves in the Kalinin area.
Caught by surprise, the Germans misread the British intent
and think that the enemy is attempting to encircle Bardia and send the bulk of
the Africa Korp deeper into the trap.
November 20, 1941
Third Panzer Army, after extremely heavy fighting, finally breaks the stubborn Soviet resistance in the Kalinin area and advances 20 kilometers.
The British order the Tobruk garrison to break out and link
up with XXX Corp. Rommel, back from his visit to Rome, turns the Africa Korp
back to the west to meet the real threat and orders an attack at Sidi Rezegh.
The Italian ships Trieste and Luigi, while escorting an
Axis convoy are torpedoed
November 21, 1941
The 3rd Panzer Corp (1st Panzer Army) captures
Albert Speer, in a meeting with Hitler, requested that he
be assigned 30,000 Soviet prisoners to be assigned to force labor parties to
build the “new Berlin”. After seeing Speers models of the Great Hall and the
Office for Goering, Hitler readily agreed.
November 22, 1941
The battle at Sidi Rezegh continues. British tank losses
force the British XXX Corp to order an end to their advance on Tobruk. The
garrison at Tobruk is also ordered back to their defensive positions. VIII Corp
is able to take Sidi Omar and Capuzzo to the east.
Secretary of State
Hull hinted that there might be relaxation of economic pressures on Japan saying
that, “… there was a general feeling that the matter could all be settled if
the Japanese could give us some satisfactory evidences that their intentions
begins to set in at Leningrad, the first attempt to cross the recently frozen
Lake Ladoga is made. 33 tons of flour arrive in the besieged city.
commences as the Japanese begin secretly assemble all six of their major
aircraft carriers at Tankan Bay in the Kurile Islands for the attack on Pearl
November 23, 1941
The 7th Panzer Division (56 Panzer Corp, 3rd Panzer Army) captures the key road junction of Klin northwest of Moscow. Zhukov orders a limited withdrawal of the 5th and 16th Army's which is executed in good order despite the German pressure.
German forces, facing ever-stiffening resistance are still
advancing and are 35 miles northwest of Moscow.
November 24, 1941
Rommel launches an attack to the
The US Army issues a war warning, indicating that there is
a strong possibility of war.
The United States,
with the agreement and consent of The Netherlands and Brazil, occupies Dutch
Guiana (Surinam) securing the bauxite mines which furnish nearly 60 percent of
the United States needs for the aluminum industry.