Project 60 - "The First Fight Against Fascism" - Archives
January 1, 1942
sign on to the Atlantic Charter. In documents drafted for the occasion, the term
?United Nations? is used for the first time. The signatories agreed to fight
to ?ensure life, liberty, independence and religious freedom, and to preserve
the rights of mean and justice.?
British forces blow
up and abandon the oil fields in Sarawak as Japanese forces press their advance.
Jean Moulin, the
former mayor of Chartres, France, was parachuted back into France after spending
four months in Britain organizing support for the resistance.
British forces attack
Bardia in a daring night attack. The Libyan city would fall the next day.
January 2, 1942
Japanese forces enter
Manila and begin massive air and artillery attacks on Corregidor.
Chinese forces enter
Burma to assist the British in defending their supply lines through that
cause heavy damage in raids on Singapore.
planners were directed to begin planning for a ?second front? in northwest
Europe. This was the genesis of the Normandy invasion.
January 3, 1942
Chinese forces begin
a major attack against Japanese forces at Changsha, Hunan.
January 4, 1942
Japanese aircraft hit the important naval and air staging
base at Rabul in the Bismarck Archipelago for the first time in the war.
January 5, 1942
Stalin, buoyed by the successes of the limited counter
attacks around Moscow, orders an all out offensive over the entire front.
Having achieved success in their landings on the Kerch
Peninsula, the Soviets reinforce the beachhead and attempt to break out to
relieve Sevastopol. The attacks meet heavy German resistance. A landing
attempted at Eupatoria is repulsed.
US and Filipino forces establish a defensive line around
Layac, securing the retreat route onto the Bataan Peninsula.
January 6, 1942
US and Filipino forces withdraw from Layac. 80,000 allied
troops are now bottled up in Bataan.
January 7, 1942
The Japanese follow-up the withdrawal of the US and
Filipino forces at Bataan.
British defenses in central Malaya collapses as the 11th
Indian Division is routed.
General Wavell, who a year ago defeated the Italians in
Libya, arrives in Singapore to take command of a seriously deteriorating
situation for the British.
German forces in Yugoslavia attack and drive Tito?s
partisans our of the Olovo area. Despite the heavy losses, the partisans
successfully withdraw 50 miles south to Foca
January 8, 1942
Japanese forces take Jesselton in Borneo and penetrate the defenses of Kuala Lumpur in Malaya.
Soviet forces break through German positions in the
Smolensk area after extremely heavy fighting.
January 10, 1942
Commonwealth forces abandon Kuala Lumpur and Prot
Swettenham in Malaya as Japanese aircraft launch strong air raids on
The Japanese declare war on the Netherlands as it invades
the Dutch East Indies.
The Japanese 5th Division captures Kuala Lujmpur
and now stands 150 miles from Sinapore.
Soviet attacks succeed in reaching and cutting the railroad
between Rzhev and Bryansk severely crippling the German defenses in the area.
Japanese forces launch more fruitless attacks to dislodge the US/Filipino forces at Bataan as the Japanese succeed in sinking 15 blockade runners (40,000 tons of shipping) attempting to get supplies to the beleaguered forces.
British forces launch fresh attacks on the German units cut
off at at Sollum and Halfaya Pass.
January 12, 1942
Chinese forces, after nine days of hard fighting succeed in
routing a Japanese force of 70,000 at Changsha, Hunan.
The commander of Army Group South, Walther von Reichenau,
dies of a stroke.
Von Leeb, commander of Army Group North requests permission
to withdrawal from the Dymyansk area. Hitler refused condemning 100,000 troops
to become surrounded. Von Leeb resigns and takes no further part in the war.
5000 deported German and Austrian Jews were executed at Kovno. The deportation of 20,000 Jews in Odessa began. They were ruthlessly marched north to Balta where most would die of starvation before the end of the year.
German submarines begin operations off the east coast of
the United States, as U-123 sinks the 9000 ton British merchant Cyclops.
By the end of the month 46 ships would be sunk (totaling nearly 200,000
January 13, 1942
The Soviet offensive
continues and intensifies. Heavy fighting is reported at Mozhaisk, 65 miles west
of Moscow and the Soviet Central Front breaks the lines at the border between
the 2nd Panzer and 4th Armies, taking Kirov.
convoy with 50 Hurricane fighters and desperately needed anti-aircraft guns
arrive in Singapore to bolster the British defenses.
January 14, 1942
conference ends with the British and American strategists adopting the
?Germany first? strategy whereby the bulk of the effort in the war would be
concentrated on defeating Germany before Japan. Also, it was decided that the
first target for western offensive action would be to clear North Africa to
reduce the threat to Atlantic shipping.
administration prohibited US businesses from dealing with 1,800 European
companies. Editor?s Note: This seems to have had little or no effect on the
dealings of one Prescott Bush,
father of a President and grandfather of a resident. He would not stop dealing
with the Nazi?s for nearly a year and then the government had to shut him
attack on the western end of the Bataan lines against the 1st
continue to operate off the US coast as the Panamanian tanker Norness was
sunk of Cape Hatteras.
In Byelorussia, 807
Jews were marched to a pit and gunned down at the village of Ushachi. A similar
incident occurred at Kublichi, where 925 Jews were slaughtered.
January 15, 1942
Japanese forces attack along the entire Bataan front taking
heavy losses and making limited gains.
January 16, 1942
The Japanese 15th
Army crosses the Thai-Burma border.
Japanese forces break
through the western US/Filipino defenses threatening the Bataan position.
US-Filipino forces take heavy losses.
January 17, 1942
Free French forces
stormed the last German positions at Halfaya Pass, clearing the Germans from
eastern Libya. Allied forces took 5500 Germans prisoner in the week long battle.
The British destroyer
Matabele was sunk while escorting merchants to Murmansk. All 247 men of
her crew were lost.
January 18, 1942
The Central and Southwest Fronts launch fresh
attacks against German forces defending the Donets River and succeed in making
substantial headway. In the Moscow area, Soviet paratroops are dropped behind
the German lines. Further to the north In the Demyansk area, Luftwaffe
transports and bombers begin dropping supplies to elements of the 2nd
and 10th Corps, cut off in the frozen swamps south of Lake Illmen.
The Central and Southwest Fronts launch fresh attacks against German forces defending the Donets River and succeed in making substantial headway. In the Moscow area, Soviet paratroops are dropped behind the German lines. Further to the north In the Demyansk area, Luftwaffe transports and bombers begin dropping supplies to elements of the 2nd and 10th Corps, cut off in the frozen swamps south of Lake Illmen.
January 19, 1942
Soviet attacks in the
Moscow area succeed in recapturing Mozhaisk, eliminating the last potential
threat to Moscow from ground attack. In the Crimean Peninsula, German forces
counterattack and take Feodosiaya from the Russian marines.
Japanese forces cross
the Muar River in Malaya and are 80 miles from Singapore.
Rommel receives a convoy of 46 desperately needed tanks to reinforce his depleted forces at Benghazi just as they are preparing to abandon the port.
January 20, 1942
In the Berlin suburb
of Wanssee, a conference was held to determine the fate of million?s of
people. The Wannsee Conference was convened to discuss the ?Final Solution?
to the Jewish Question. The chair of the committee was none other than SS
Obergruppenf?hrer Reinhard Heydrich, a Nazi sociopath second only to Hitler
himself. At this meeting, the broad plan for the execution of all Jews was
finalized. In cold, calculated, and efficient language these savages in uniform
plotted the extermination of 11 million soles. Wilhelm Stuckart, the lawyer who
created the 1935 Nuremberg Laws quietly and logically argued his case for
determining how much ?Jewish blood was enough to taint German purity? when
determining those with ?mixed blood? should be ?sent east? (to the death
camps). Of course, he indicated, these ?mixed bloods? would have to be
sterilized. It was also decided
that ?Final? solution would be to gas, rather than shoot, starve, or
otherwise kill the Jews would be the most efficient mechanism to complete the
task. Adolf Eichmann was given the task of executing these protocols.
Never in the course
of human history has such an atrocity been committed on the face of this earth.
A translation of the only surviving minutes to the meeting can be found at ? http://prorev.com/wannsee.htm
January 21, 1942
Rommel, after a
retreat of 500 miles and only a few days to regroup his shattered forces,
launches a counter-offensive against the British in Liybia. 21st
Panzer Division takes Mersa Brega and 15th Panzer moves east beyond
the British flank and then turns north toward Agebadia. The scattered screening
forces of the British 1st Armored Division are routed.
London and the
southern ports of England are once again subjected to attacks by the Luftwaffe
as the Germans open a series of new raids.
Japanese aircraft hit
allied positions in New Guinea for the first time in the war.
January 22, 1942
now designated the Panzer Army Africa, capture Agedabia and trap elements of the
British 1st Armored division in the Antelat-Sannu area. The British
loses are heavy.
Constant pressure and
mounting casualties forces MacAurthur to withdraw his Bataan forces to the
Mauban-Abucay line along the Pilar-Bagac road. This is the last practical
defense line available to the doomed defenders. During the night the Japanese
land forces at Quinauan and Longoskawayan Points, deep in the US/Filipino rear.
Allied reserves are able to contain the Japanese beacheheads.
January 23, 1942
Japanese forces make
landings at Rabaul (New Britian), Kavieng (New Ireland), Kendari (Celebes) and
at Bouganinville Island (Solomons).
allies refuse to advance further to the east. Rommel, decides to continue the
attack with the Germans only.
At Novi Sad on the
Danube River in Hungary, local soldiers marched 550 Jews and 292 Serbs onto the
ice of the river and began shelling the location. The ice broke and the captives
froze and drown in the icy waters.
January 24, 1942
The Special Court of
Inquiry into the Pearl Harbor disaster, headed by Justice Roberts is submitted.
The conclusion of the commission was that Admiral Kimmel and General Short, the
local Navy and Army commanders at Pearl Harbor neglected to coordinate security
precautions and were largely responsible for the events of December 7. The
report did not adequately address the failure of Washington intelligence groups
in the fiasco. Editor?s Note: It is interesting that in six weeks, FDR?s
administration was able to assess this disaster, while the current occupant of
the Whitehouse has yet to even start an inquiry into the 9-11 tragedy after
nearly four months.
German troops begin
to regroup and attack in the Moscow area. Sukhinichi, a town near Kaluga, is
recaptured by the Germans.
defenses in Singapore are reinforced by the arrival of the British 18th
Japanese forces land
at Blikpapan in Dutch Borneo.
January 25, 1942
advancing across the open desert threaten to cut off the 4th Indian
Division in the Behghazi area.
January 26, 1942
The 6000 Japanese troops take Rabul on the island of New Britain. Most of the 1000 Australian defenders were killed after they had surrendered.
January 27, 1942
Rommel, his forces
dispersed in the advance, launches a feint against Mechili, threatening to
encircle the Commonwealth forces at Benghazi. The British panic and order the
hurried evacuation of the port.
Japanese troops land
at Pemangkat in Dutch Borneo and Russel Island in New Guinea.
The US Navy submarine
Seawolf arrives at Bataan with its feeble supply of ammunition. All of
the surviving pilots are evacuated when the submarine left that night.
January 28, 1942
Rommel?s forces reoccupy Bengazi and capture a huge quantity of supplies that the British were unable to withdraw or destroy.
January 29, 1942
?survives? a vote of no confidence in the House of Commons by a the margin
of 464 to 1.
Command, deviating from their nightly terror bombing of German cities, launches
a 16-plane raid against the German battleship Tirpitz in Norway. Only two
planes reach the target area and no damage was reported to the Tirpitz.
US and Filipino
forces destroy the Japanese beachhead at Point Longoskayan.
January 30, 1942
In celebrations of his ninth anniversary of seizing power in Germany, Hitler, in a capacity crowd at the Sports Palace in Berlin said, ?? the result of this war will be the complete annihilation of the Jews.?
capture the naval base of Amboina between the Celebes and New Guinea.
January 31, 1942
In their first
offensive action of the war, US Navy carriers launch airraids against Japanese
bases at Kwajalein, Wotje and Maloelap in the Marshall Islands. The carrier Enterprise
was damaged by a Japanese torpedo bomber.
Japanese forces drive
the British defenders off the mainland of Malaya and lay siege to Singapore.
Leningrad reported that as of 1/31/42, 200,000 civilians had died of starvation
and exposure since the start of the siege five months ago. However, some relief
was finally coming to the city as the ?Ice Road? across Lake Ladoga was
finally bringing in badly needed supplies and evacuating those not critical to
the defense of the city.
The Australians defending Dutch Timor surrendered to the Japanese. In the next week over half of the captives would be beheaded or bayoneted after capture.