Project 60 - "The First Fight Against Fascism" - Archives
June 1, 1943
The Soviets raid airfields and
facilities at Smolensk, Orel and Bryansk in an attempt to disrupt the German
buildup for the Kursk Offensive.
June 2, 1943
As the Pope calls for warring parties
to obey the "laws of humanity" in running aerial bombing campaigns, Germans
bomb Kursk, Russians bomb Kiev and Roslavl, while British and US bombers hit
multiple targets in Germany and France.
Japanese forces abandon their offensive along the Yangtze River and begin to withdraw under heavy pressure from the Chinese National Army.
June 3, 1943
French resistance fighters supported by
British SOC agents sabotage the The Michelin tire works at Clermont-Ferrand,
badly damaging the facility.
June 4, 1943
In a rare attempt at long range
strategic bombing, the Germans raid the new Soviet tank factory at Gorki.
June 5, 1943
After management blocks meaningful
negotiations, 500,000 US coal miners strike.
Operations outside the North Atlantic
prove to be more successful for the Germans as U-513 sinks 4 ships off the coast
June 6, 1943
The bombardment of the island of Pantelleria continues into its third consecutive day.
June 7, 1943
Professor Clauberg informs Himmler that experiments of using X-ray exposure for mass sterilization was nearly ready for common use, stating " one doctor, with perhaps, ten assistants, can probably effect several hundred, if not one thousand sterilizations on a single day."
Most striking coal minors in the United
States return to work as negotiations resume.
June 8, 1943
The battleship Mutsu sinks in
Hiroshima Bay after her magazine explodes.
June 9, 1943
German and Russian forces on the
eastern front launch a series of probes against each other. Soviet thrusts along
the Mius River gain some ground while a German attack near Lisichansk does not.
The Axis "Operation Black" against
the Yugoslavian partisans succeeded in trapping Tito and a battalion of his
troops. A breakout was made which left 100 partisans dead, Tito wounded and his
forces scattered. However, they regrouped and fought on.
June 10, 1943
The Pointblank Directive is issued by
the Joint Chiefs of Staff to British and American bomber forces in Europe. The
document outlines the priorities and aims of the bomber offensive leading up to
the cross channel invasion of France. However, the plan is not specific enough
and this allows both the US Air Force and British Bomber Command to conduct
their independent operations as they see fit.
June 11, 1943
Allies launch "Operation Corkscrew", a landing on the bomb range formally
known as Pantelleria. The 11,000 man Italian garrison on the island, incessantly
bombed by the Allies since the fall of Axis forces in Tunis, surrendered.
Although more than 5000 tons of bombs were dropped on the island, there was less
damage than expected.
June 12, 1943
There is a major air battle near
Guadalcanal. The attacking Japanese forces suffer heavy losses.
June 13, 1943
8th Air Force send sixty
B-17s against Kiel and 102 against Bremen. While the Bremen raid was lightly
defended, 22 bombers sent against Kiel were shot down.
June 14, 1943
RAF Coastal Command begins daily
anti-submarine patrols over the Bay of Biscay. The new tactic is designed to
simplify detection of the boats as the leave and return from their land bases.
Indian nationalist Chandra Bose meets with Tojo in Tokyo where they discussed raising an Indian national army to fight against the British in Burma and India.The island of Linosa in the Sicilian Channel surrendered to Allied forces.
June 15, 1943
SS Colonel Paul Blobel began work on
the mass graves outside Lvov, Poland. Himmler, seeing that Hitler's hold on
power was waning decided to eradicate the evidence of the mass murders to be
destroyed. Blobel was ordered to dig up the graves and burn the bodies.
Concentration camp laborers were forced to dig up the decaying bodies, extract
gold teeth from the corpses and burn the remains before reburying.
Germany runs tests flights on the first
jet reconnaissance plane in the world - the Arado 234.
The German surface raider Michel
sinks 2 ships off the coast of Australia.
German U-boats hit a convoy in the
Atlantic but fail to cause major damage after a running battle of 5-days.
June 16, 1943
The Japanese launched a 94-plane raid
against Allied shipping at Guadalcanal. 93 of the intruders were destroyed. Six
US fighters were shot down. The raid succeeded in forcing two transports to
beach and damaged one other.
June 17, 1943
Preparations for the Allied invasion of Sicily continue as the British battleships Valiant and Warspit are transferred from the Scapa Flow in the North Sea to North Africa.
June 18, 1943
Marshal Sir Archibald Wavell replaced Lord Linlithgrow as Viceroy of India.
General Sir Claude Auchinleck took Wavell's old job of Commander in Chief in
India. These "promotions" were generally viewed as resulting in a loss of
confidence by Churchill in these two generals.
June 19, 1943
RAF Bomber Command hits the Schneider armaments factory in Le Creusot.
American forces of the 4th Marine
Raider Battalion land at Segi Point in the southern part of New Georgia in the
Solomons. There is no Japanese garrison there.
Bomber Command hits Krefeld in the Ruhr
but loses were heavy (44 planes downed).
June 22, 1943
June 23, 1943
The attacks in the Solomon Islands
continue as American forces land on Woodlark Island.
June 24, 1943
Bomber Command continues its campaign
against the Ruhr, hitting Elberfeld in a heavy raid.
June 25, 1943
Allied air attacks on Sicily increase as raids concentrate on airfields around Messina.
June 26, 1943
An uprising of Jews in the Czestochowa ghetto is crushed as Germans bring overwhelming force against the town. The Germans captured thirty grenades, eighteen pistols and two rifles.
June 27, 1943
Marines on New Georgia, make another landing up the coast from Segi Point and move inland toward Viru Harbor.
June 28, 1943
The buildup of forces on Kiriwina and Woodlark islands continues as Seabees begin construction of airfields.
Bomber Command hits Cologne, gutting the famous cathedral in the city.
June 29, 1943
Operation CARTWHEEL, the first major
offensive in the Pacific, opens as US Marines land on New Guinea near Lae. The
goal of the offensive is the major military strongpoint at Rabul. Meanwhile, US
Navy cruisers and destroyers bombard Japanese positions at Shortland.
June 30, 1943
CARTWHEEL continues as American forces land on Rendova, Vangunu,
Sasavele, Baraulu, and Torbriand in the New Georgia group. The vanguard
of the attack came from 6000 men of the 43rd Infantry Division. The
attack on Rendova went well as the garrison was surprised. Harassing fire from
Japanese coastal guns on nearby Munda Point and air raids were an annoyance, but
didn't hinder the American buildup. Vangunu island proved to be a tougher