Taking time out from murdering prisoners, Japanese "soldiers" stage a photo op during the Bataan "Death March"
Project 60: A Day-by-Day Diary of WWII
Remembering the First Fight Against Fascism
Survivors from the Bataan "Death March" carry their dead along with them as they march into captivity.
Red Army troops force
a very narrow corridor to Leningrad, opening a tenuous rail link to the city.
Trains ran into the city with desperately needed supplies and came out with
civilians and the wounded, all under heavy artillery fire from the Germans.
In Germany, Karl
Friedrich Stellbrink, a protestant theologian, was arrested along with three
Catholic priests for criticizing Nazi rule. They were all executed seven months
King George awards
the defenders of Malta the "George's Cross" as the 2000th air
raid against the island occurs.
April 8, 1942
2000 of Bataan's
defenders escaped to the dubious safety of Corregidor Island.
Japanese forces clear
the Bataan Peninsula after three months of heavy combat.
76,000 US-Filipino troops are captured. This was the largest capitulation
US forces in World War II.
from the carriers Soryu, Hiryu and Akagi sink the British
carrier Hermes, the destroyer Vampire and three other ships in
With the breakdown of
autonomy negotiations in India, British forces crack down on dissidents. Mahatma
Heavy fighting is
reported in the Crimean peninsula as Red Army forces attack at Kertsj. The
attacks fall on stubborn German defenses and fail. In other attacks, Russians
made headway against the Germans in the Orel area.
The Bataan Death
March starts as the prisoners begin
a 65 mile march from Mariveles to San Fernando. Little water or food were given
ot the prisoners. Those not able to keep up were beaten or bayoneted on the
Japanese forces begin
landing troops on Cebu and Billiton Islands in the Philippines
April 11 1942
The Russians land
troops near Eupatoria in the Crimea. Fast response on the Germans part bottles
up the Red Army forces on their beachhead.
April 12, 1942
Major action on
the east front comes to an abrupt halt as the Spring thaw turns the landscape
into a quagmire. In any case, the Soviets had extended their winter offensive to
the limits of their thin and tenuous supply lines. The dry weather would see the
initiative back in the hands of the Germans.
As the "Bataan
Death March" continues, 400 Filipino captives are hacked to death by sword
wielding Japanese "soldiers".
April 13, 1942
The destroyer Roper
sinks U-85 south of Norfolk, Virginia becoming the first US warship to sink a
Editor's Corner Archive:
Afghanistan and Vietnam: When the "war against terrorism" began, many knowledgeable people warned that our operations in Afghanistan would turn into another Vietnam.
Want to Win - Think Before You Lash Out - "If we are serious about taking the war to the enemy, it is time to look ..."
The First Fight Against Fascism - We must remember the Spanish Civil War also.
Arguing Victory - "... Each nation who fought against fascist tyranny in WWII brought with it part of whole needed to defeat that evil..."
War, Glory, Honor and Remembrance - "War is a brutal and savage insult on human society..."
First Casualty... in time of war, those in power are even more inclined to hide the truth,
since that truth is often manifest in the most gruesome and terrible
Those wishing to contribute items. stories or comments should contact D.A. Friedrichs
The items found in this section are comments from the editors of Project 60 and may not necessarily reflect the opinions of bartcop.
Past Through Tomorrow
is a fictitious report to the US Joint Chiefs of Staff summarizing the
War in Afghanistan. To date, the events described have come to pass. No
one knows if the future events described will occur. We can only hope
for the best.
CHIEF'S OF STAFF INTRODUCTION
entered the territory of Afghanistan in the last days of September 2001
with the mission of "rendering ineffective the Al Qaeda terrorist
organizations and their Taliban allies controlling Afghanistan." Thus,
with this extremely vague goal and limited military planning time, the
US peoples were cast into a bloody war that would last for nine years,
one month and eighteen days. The war took the lives of 55,000 US
citizens and did not result in the desired victory for the government.
At the same
time, the unsatisfactory political and military-strategic results of the
war should, in no way reflect adversely on the quality of the US armed
forces, especially in the area of operational art and tactics. During
the course of the war, US operational art and tactics developed under
the particular conditions of Afghanistan - the physical geography, the
local economy, the peoples, the history and the internal and foreign
affairs of the last decade.
In light of
the defining military-political missions and ongoing combat, the conduct
of the US-Taliban War can be divided into four phases.
(October 2001 - December 2001)
began with the entry of US forces into Afghanistan, their stationing in
garrisons, and their final organization for securing bases and various
installations. During this phase, the enemy deployed comparatively
powerful forces against the US forces. The US forces (Special Forces and
air assets) did not avoid direct conflict with them. The US forces
fighting alongside Northern Alliance forces, took the most difficult
missions for themselves. The Northern Alliance forces were poorly
trained to conduct independent actions and attacked only after US
bombardment guaranteed success in the fulfillment of operational and
(January 2002 - February 2007)
characterized this phase. US forces undertook combat on a wide scale,
mainly employing only US forces, but also conducting joint actions with
units of the former Northern Alliance and newly constituted Afghan Army.
By the start of this phase, the enemy, having suffered heavy losses, was
switching to guerrilla tactics and moving into the mountains.
Principally, these tactics consisted of avoiding combat with superior US
forces; conducting surprise action against small groups; and refusing to
fight conventional, positional warfare while conducting widespread
maneuver using autonomous groups, and detachments. If the Taliban were
unable to avoid combat, they reverted to close combat where it was
difficult, if not impossible, to use air strikes and artillery fire
against their dug-in firing positions. Under these circumstances, the US
forces attempted to conduct "combat operations" with a clear
superiority in forces and means.
(March 2007 - November 2008)
phase, the US conducted a two-step conversion from primary active combat
to supporting reconstituted Afghan Army forces with aviation, artillery
and engineer subunits. US airmobile, airborne and light infantry forces
became the reserves to raise the morale and warrior spirit of the
friendly Afghan forces. US Special Forces continued to operate to stop
the supply of weapons and ammunition from across the border. During this
phase, US authorities began withdrawing forces from the country.
(December 2008 - December 2010)
marked by US forces' participation in the Afghan government's
program of national reconciliation. During this time, the US forces
conducted virtually no offensive actions and went into combat only when
attacked by the Taliban or when supporting combat by Afghan forces.
During this phase, the US forces prepared for their total withdrawal.
this "fictitious" account is quite true. The original story is, of
course, a summary of the 1979-1989 Soviet-Afghan War. The report above
was gleaned, with no major editing, from the original study prepared for
the General Staff of the Soviet Union and published under the title
"The Soviet-Afghan War: How a Superpower Fought and Lost"
(pages 12-14). The only changes made (other than
grammatical) were as follows
It is quite
frightening to realize just how similar our nation's actions have been
and appear to be heading when compared this way. Phase I was nearly
identical, if not in details, then in outcome, to the Soviet invasion in
1979 and early 1980. The recently concluded "Operation Anaconda" is
a classic Phase 2 type operation. Our efforts to reconstitute an Afghan
national army are the first steps toward Phase III.
One can only hope that this does not happen and the rest of the story turns out to indeed be fiction.