German panzer troops advance to the attack in the Russian steppes

Project 60: A Day-by-Day Diary of WWII 

Remembering the First Fight Against Fascism

Germans move into  the ruins of Sevastopl  

June 16, 1942

The cruiser HMS Hermione is sunk by torpedoes from German submarine U205, north of Sollum (87 sailors are lost). A convoy from Gibraltar to Malta made it to its destination but the convoy from Alexandria to Malta/Tobruk was forced back by air attacks.

Working off information from a Czech traitor, the seven men who had executed the  assassination of Heydrich were found in Prague. Refusing to surrender, they killed 14 Germans before being subdued. Jan Kubis, the man who threw the grenade that caused Heydrich's death was severely wounded and died later.

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June 17, 1942

At Sevastopol, Fort Siberia falls to the Germans.

The Afrika Korp closes on and surrounds Tobruk cutting the coastal road to Bardia.

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June 18, 1942

After nearly two weeks of extremely heavy fighting, the German infantry of the 54 Corp (11 Army) breaks through to the shores of the North Bay during the drive on Sevastopol. The massive Maxim Gorky Fort is taken after serious hand to hand fighting. Casualties were very heavy on both sides.

Bernard Robinson was commissioned as an ensign - the first black man to become an officer in the US Navy.

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June 19, 1942

FDR and Churchill meet to discuss the opening of a second front in Europe and the development of the A-bomb.

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June 20, 1942

Rommel launches an attack on the Tobruk defenses. His attack concentrates on the southeast corner of the perimeter at first light. By 1600 the airfield was overrun and by nightfall, 21 Panzer had entered the port.

Fort Lenin falls as the Germans continue to make slow but steady advances into the Sevastopol fortifications.

A Japanese submarine shells a radio station on Vancouver Island, the first shots fired in Canadian territory in the war.

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June 21, 1942

The Tobruk garrison spent the day destroying supplies and making plans for a breakout. Despite extraordinary efforts, 33,000 prisoners were taken, 2000 tons of fuel and 5000 tons of food along with 2000 trucks and other transports were captured. This singular victory for Rommel won him promotion to Field Marshal, but more importantly allowed him to push his forces on in pursuit of the British 8th Army without pause to resupply.

With Sevastopol not yet subdued, Hitler is compelled to postpone the start of the German summer offensive until the fortress falls and the 11th Army, and more importantly, the Luftwaffe aircraft, can be repositioned.

The Luftwarre raids Southampton, England.

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June 22, 1942

Adolf Eichmann, informs his staff that "Operation Heydrich", the deportation of Western European Jews would commence and the target goal was 1000 "deportations" per day to Auschwitz.

A Japanese submarine shells Fort Stevens, Oregon, the first time the continental United States has been attacked since the War of 1812.

German attacks in the Kharkov area wind down as the area between the Donets and Oskol River is cleared. The Germans, pleased with the advances, are somewhat concerned that there was no large capture of Russians in the action. Unlike the previous summer, the Soviet forces did not stand fast and get surrounded

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June 23, 1942

The few remaining Soviet forces on the North Bay at Sevastopol withdraw into the city.

German forces reach the Libyan-Egyptian border as they pursue the fleeing British.

The British launch their third "1000 Bomber" raid. Bremen is target of this raid. Meanwhile, the Germans begin a series of night raids against Birmingham.

The first groups of Polish mental patients were "deported" to Auschwitz as the Germans accelerated their euthanasia program.

The first contingent of British prisoners arrives at Bampong, Thailand, where construction of the Burma Railroad (remember "Bridge Over the River Kwai"?) started.

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June 24, 1942

German, Italian and Croatian forces launch another offensive against Tito's partisans in Yugoslavia.

Sollum and Sidi Barrani are evacuated as the British 8th Army continues its retreat into Egypt.

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June 25, 1942

The United States announces the establishment of a European Theater of Operations and assigns the command to Major General Dwight D. Eisenhower.

The bulk of the British 8th Army retreats past Mersa Matruh as Rommel's DAK occupies Sollum, Haifaya Pass and Sidi Barrani. Ritchie, coming off his drubbing at Gazala, loss of Tobruk and headlong retreat into Egypt is sacked as commander of the British 8th Army and Gerneral Auchinleck takes his place.

The last of the surviving aircraft at Sevastopol are evacuated to the Caucasus, giving the Luftwaffe free reign over the city. Artillery ammunition is running short. Time is running out for the Russians. 

Bomber command hits Bremen again with a "1000-bomber raid". Casualties are heavy as 49 bombers are lost in the attack. The Focke-Wulf factory and 27 acres of the city are destroyed.

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June 26, 1942

The 142nd Infantry Brigade arrives in Sevastopol. This would be the last reinforcement that would be sent into the city as the German noose around the fortress tightens.

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June 27, 1942

The FBI announces the arrest of eight alleged German spies.

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June 28, 1942

The German summer offensive, "Case Blau" begins. Army Group South (von Bock) is split into two Army Groups for the summer campaign - Army Group "A" and "B". Army Group B (von Bock) consists of  three armies, 6th (Paulus), 4 th Panzer (Hoth) and 2nd (Weichs). The force of 33 divisions (11 of them Panzer divisions) attacks along the front between Kharkov and Kursk in a massive assault whose objective is nothing short of the Stalingrad. To the South, Army Group A (List) with 1st Panzer Army (Kleist) and 17th Army attacked along the Donets River, aiming initially for Rostov, but ultimately the Caucuses oilfields 400 miles to the south. By the end of the day, penetrations had been made in the lines of the Soviet 13th and 40th Armies and the tanks of the 48th Panzer Korp (4th Panzer Army) were advancing deep into Russian territory.  The Russians, unlike the previous summer, were giving ground quickly, and although casualties were high, the large pockets of Soviet prisoners were not to be.

At Sevastopol, the German 11th Army launches an amphibious attack across the North Bay, establishing a beachhead behind the Soviet defenses, capturing Inkerman in the process.

The British 8th Army begins to take up defensive positions at El Alamein, ending their rout from the Gazala line.

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June 29, 1942

Heavy German attacks at Fedyukhin and Novyye Shula achieve major breakthroughs in the assaults on fortress Sevastopol.

Rommel's forces take Mersa Matruh, capturing 6000 men. Alexandria is bombed and preparations for the evacuation of Cairo begins.

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1941 Archive:
June | July | August | September | October | November | December

1942 Archive:
  January |  February | March  | April | May

Special Editions:
Pearl Harbor | The Doolittle Raid | Midway

Editor's Corner Archive:

The Past Through Tomorrow "It is quite frightening to realize just how similar our nation's actions have been and appear to be heading when compared this way..."

Afghanistan and Vietnam: When the "war against terrorism" began, many knowledgeable people warned that our operations in Afghanistan would turn into another Vietnam.

Want to Win - Think Before You Lash Out - "If we are serious about taking the war to the enemy, it is time to look ..."

The First Fight Against Fascism - We must remember the Spanish Civil War also.

Arguing Victory - "... Each nation who fought against fascist tyranny in WWII brought with it part of whole needed to defeat that evil..." 

War, Glory, Honor and Remembrance - "War is a brutal and savage insult on human society..."

The First Casualty... in time of war, those in power are even more inclined to hide the truth, since that truth is often manifest in the most gruesome and terrible acts.  

Those wishing to contribute items. stories or comments should contact D.A. Friedrichs


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