Field Marshal von Paulus arrives at Chuikov's HQ to officially surrender at Stalingrad
Project 60: A Day-by-Day Diary of WWII
Remembering the First Fight Against Fascism
Leningrader enjoys a chunk of bread which until the relief amounted to his daily ration.
The Soviet winter
offensive builds in strength and success as they claim capturing over 52,000
since the start of the offensive. Voronezh Front continues to advance towards
Kharkov. Meanwhile in the north, 59th Army captures Novgorod.
The Germans launched
a daylight raid against London. In the attack, a school was hit killing 44
children and a teacher.
The Soviets capture
the rail communications center of Voroshilovskii in the Caucasus.
The British code
breakers at Bletchley Park broke the ?Procupine? key, which allowed them to
read all Luftwaffe transmissions in southern Russia for nearly a month.
Von Paulus radios
Hitler from Stalingrad saying, ?Rations exhausted. Over 12,000 wounded
unattended in the pocket.? Hitler responded by stating, ?Surrender is out of
the question.? On the battle front, a massive artillery barrage, followed by
heavy infantry assaults results in the capture of the airfield at Gumrak and the
Soviet 21st and 62nd Armies linked up, cutting the pocket
into two, north and south of the city.
recapture Armavir, securing the line of communications with the Maikop oil
fields in the Caucasus. At Stalingrad, the last German airplane, an He-111
carrying 19 wounded soldiers and seven bags of mail, flies out of the pocket as
the last German airfield in the pocket falls to Russian attacks.
The British 8th
Army occupies Tripoli.
The Soviet attacks
continue as Starobelskii, 250 miles west of Stalingrad, is liberated by
Vatutin?s Southewest Front. Hitler reissues his orders not to surrender
Stalingrad forbidding even small groups of soldiers from attempting to breakout
of the pocket. In the meantime, Paulus orders that food should not be
distributed to the 30,000 wounded and sick at Stalingrad. The Trans-Caucasus
Front attacks begin to slow as they approach the Kuban peninsula. German
resistance at Novorussisk and Krasnodar is particularly successful.
The Allies declare
that New Guinea is cleared of Japanese resistance. In total, the Allies suffered
3000 casualties and the Japanese lost over 7000. Of the 350 prisoners captured,
the vast majority were Chinese and Korean laborers.
withdraw from Armavir and Voronezh.
Conference ends with the announcement that Churchill and Roosevelt would accept
only the unconditional surrender of Germany, Japan, and Italy.
Soviet forces occupy
The British 8th
Army takes Zaula in Libya. They are now only 100 miles from Tunisia.
?all-American? daylight bombing raid on Germany occurs as 64 B-17 and B-24
bombers hit warehouses at Wilhelmshaven. The Americans claimed 22 German fighter
kills and lost only 3 bombers.
In a review of war plans presented
to the Diet by Premier Hideki Tojo reiterated Japan?s official neutrality
toward the Soviet Union, announced plans to recognize the independence of the
Burmese State, to grant independence to the Philippines if their people were
prepared to cooperate, and to aid India in her fight for freedom against the
The British 8th Army
begins to cross the Tunisian frontier from Libya.
Admiral D?nitz takes
over from Admiral Raeder as Commander-in-Chief of the German Navy.
light attack bombers hit Berlin in the first British daylight raid against
Berlin. The attacks disrupted the Nazi party?s 10th anniversary
celebration taking place at the same time. After a delay of an hour due to the
raid, Goering gave his speech saying ?'A
thousand years hence Germans will speak of this battle with reverence and
awe.? Meanwhile, Paulus radioed Hilter saying, ?'The swastika flag is
still flying above Stalingrad. May our battle be an example to the present and
coming generations, that they must never capitulate even in a hopeless
situation, for them Germany will emerge victorious.? Hitler decided to promote
von Paulus to Field Marshal. No German Field Marshal had ever been captured and
Hitler hoped von Paulus would commit suicide.
The Soviet government
announced that at 1945 hours, after surrounding the Univemag department store
building, Chuikov?s 62nd Army, the defenders of Stalingrad,
accepted the surrender of Field Marshal von Paulus and 16 other generals. The
northern pocket continued to fight on.
The British 8th
Army captures Zuara near the Tunisain border.
evacuate the Demyansk Pocket in order to shorten their lines and free up troops
to plug the gapping holes to the south.
begin to evacuate the 13,000 soldiers who are still on Guadalcanal.
Ground was broken at
Oak Ridge, Tennessee for the first Uranium-235 processing plant.
Editor's Corner Archive:
Hitler's Angle "The story of Prescott Bush and his association with the Nazis begins just before the end of World War I..."
The Past Through Tomorrow "It is quite frightening to realize just how similar our nation?s actions have been and appear to be heading when compared this way..."
Afghanistan and Vietnam: When the ?war against terrorism? began, many knowledgeable people warned that our operations in Afghanistan would turn into another Vietnam.
Want to Win - Think Before You Lash Out - "If we are serious about taking the war to the enemy, it is time to look ..."
The First Fight Against Fascism - We must remember the Spanish Civil War also.
Arguing Victory - "... Each nation who fought against fascist tyranny in WWII brought with it part of whole needed to defeat that evil..."
War, Glory, Honor and Remembrance - "War is a brutal and savage insult on human society..."
Casualty... in time of war, those in power are even more inclined to
hide the truth, since that truth is often manifest in the most gruesome and
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