Allied bombers over Pantelleria Island.

Project 60: A Day-by-Day Diary of WWII 

Remembering the First Fight Against Fascism

American B-17 bombers over Germany

June 1, 1943

The Soviets raid airfields and facilities at Smolensk, Orel and Bryansk in an attempt to disrupt the German buildup for the Kursk Offensive.

Germany begins operations with a U-boat festooned with Anti-aircraft guns. Initially, the Allies were surprised by the new platform but quickly adopted newer, less risky tactics for dealing with the threat.

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June 2, 1943

As the Pope calls for warring parties to obey the "laws of humanity" in running aerial bombing campaigns, Germans bomb Kursk, Russians bomb Kiev and Roslavl, while British and US bombers hit multiple targets in Germany and France.

Japanese forces abandon their offensive along the Yangtze River and begin to withdraw under heavy pressure from the Chinese National Army.

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June 3, 1943

French resistance fighters supported by British SOC agents sabotage the The Michelin tire works at Clermont-Ferrand, badly damaging the facility.

German submarines lay a minefield off Halifax, Nova Scotia, which was discovered only after the 2000-ton merchant Halma was sunk.

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June 4, 1943

In a rare attempt at long range strategic bombing, the Germans raid the new Soviet tank factory at Gorki.

The bombardment from sea and air of the island of Pantelleria in the Sicilian Channel continues.

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June 5, 1943

After management blocks meaningful negotiations, 500,000 US coal miners strike.

Operations outside the North Atlantic prove to be more successful for the Germans as U-513 sinks 4 ships off the coast of Brazil.

The bombardment of the island of Pantelleria continues.

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June 6, 1943

The bombardment of the island of Pantelleria continues into its third consecutive day.

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June 7, 1943

Professor Clauberg informs Himmler that experiments of using X-ray exposure for mass sterilization was nearly ready for common use, stating " one doctor, with perhaps, ten assistants, can probably effect several hundred, if not one thousand sterilizations on a single day."

Most striking coal minors in the United States return to work as negotiations resume.

For the fourth strait day, the island of Pantelleria is bombarded from sea and air.

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June 8, 1943

The battleship Mutsu sinks in Hiroshima Bay after her magazine explodes.

The bombardment of the island of Pantelleria continues into its fifth consecutive day.

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June 9, 1943

German and Russian forces on the eastern front launch a seiries of probes against each other. Soviet thrusts along the Mius River gain some ground while a German attack near Lisichansk does not.

The Axis "Operation Black" against the Yugoslavian partisans succeeded in trapping Tito and a battalion of his troops. A breakout was made which left 100 partisans dead, Tito wounded and his forces scattered. However, they regrouped and fought on.

For the sixth strait day, the island of Pantelleria is bombarded from sea and air.

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June 10, 1943

The Pointblank Directive is issued by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to British and American bomber forces in Europe. The document outlines the priorities and aims of the bomber offensive leading up to the cross channel invasion of France. However, the plan is not specific enough and this allows both the US Air Force and British Bomber Command to conduct their independent operations as they see fit.

Pantelleria is bombed for the seventh strait day.

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June 11, 1943

The Allies launch "Operation Corkscrew", a landing on the bomb range formally known as Pantelleria. The 11,000 man Italian garrison on the island, incessantly bombed by the Allies since the fall of Axis forces in Tunis, surrendered. Although more than 5000 tons of bombs were dropped on the island, there was less damage than expected.

The US 8th Air Force sends 200 B17s to bombard the German naval base at Wilhelmshaven while RAF Bomber command hits Munster and Dusseldorf in their continuing operations against the Ruhr.

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June 12, 1943

There is a major air battle near Guadalcanal. The attacking Japanese forces suffer heavy losses.

Enemies pass each other in the night as RAF bombers hit Bochum in the Ruhr and Lufwaffe bombers hit Plymouth, England.

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June 13, 1943  

8th Air Force send sixty B-17s against Kiel and 102 against Bremen. While the Bremen raid was lightly defended, 22 bombers sent against Kiel were shot down.

The island of Lampedusa in the Sicilian Channel surrendered to Allied forces.

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June 14, 1943

RAF Coastal Command begins daily anti-submarine patrols over the Bay of Biscay. The new tactic is designed to simplify detection of the boats as the leave and return from their land bases.

Indian nationalist Chandra Bose meets with Tojo in Tokyo where they discussed raising an Indian national army to fight against the British in Burma and India.

The island of Linosa in the Sicilian Channel surrendered to Allied forces.

1941 Archive:
June | July | August | September | October | November | January

1942 Archive:
  January |  February | March  | April | May | June | July | August | September | October | November | December

1943 Archive:
JanuaryFebruary | March | April | May

Special Editions:
Pearl Harbor | The Doolittle Raid | Midway

Editor's Corner Archive:

Hitler's Angel "The story of Prescott Bush and his association with the Nazis begins just before the end of World War I..."

The Past Through Tomorrow "It is quite frightening to realize just how similar our nation's actions have been and appear to be heading when compared this way..."

Afghanistan and Vietnam: When the "war against terrorism" began, many knowledgeable people warned that our operations in Afghanistan would turn into another Vietnam.

Want to Win - Think Before You Lash Out - "If we are serious about taking the war to the enemy, it is time to look ..."

The First Fight Against Fascism - We must remember the Spanish Civil War also.

Arguing Victory - "... Each nation who fought against fascist tyranny in WWII brought with it part of whole needed to defeat that evil..." 

War, Glory, Honor and Remembrance - "War is a brutal and savage insult on human society..."

The First Casualty... in time of war, those in power are even more inclined to hide the truth, since that truth is often manifest in the most gruesome and terrible acts.  

Those wishing to contribute items. stories or comments should contact D.A. Friedrichs

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